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The History of the Sengol: Explained


oi-Vicky Nanjappa


Published: Wednesday, May 24, 2023, 13:52 [IST]

Google One India News

There has been a lot of debate around the inauguration of the new Parliament building.

Several Opposition parties have decided to boycott the inauguration on the ground that the President of India has not been invited.

The History of the Sengol: Explained

Here are some facts about the new Parliament building:

  • The new building of the Indian Parliament will be dedicated to the nation on May 28, 2023.
  • The government said that the new building is a testament of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s vision of creating a new India, which combines modernity with our heritage and traditions.
  • This new structure has been created in record time and the contribution of 40,000 Shramjeevis will be honoured by the Prime Minister at the dedication ceremony.

The Senegal Event:

  • Viceroy Lord Mountbatten posed a query to Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru: “What is the ceremony that should be followed to symbolise the transfer of power from British to Indian hands?”Pt Nehru consulted veteran C Rajagopalachari (Rajaji).
  • Rajaji identified the Chola model where the transfer of power from one King to the other was sanctified and blessed by high priests.
  • The symbol used was the handover of the “Sengol” from one King to his successor.
  • The Ruler would be vested with the “Sengol” with the order (“aanai” in Tamil) to rule with ‘dharma’, meaning justly and fairly.
  • Rajaji approached the Dharmic Mutt in Tanjore district of TN – the Thiruvavaduthurai Adheenam.
  • Adheenams are non-brahmin monasteries.
  • They are followers of Lord Shiva.
  • The Thiruvavaduthurai Adheenam is over 500 years old (continuously functioning).
  • The Nandi on top of the Sengol is symbolic of “Nyaya”
  • The leader of the Adheenam immediately commissioned the preparation of the “Sengol” (five-feet in length).
  • Jewelers Vummidi Bangaru Chetty in Chennai crafted the Sengol.
The History of the Sengol: Explained

  • Vummidi Ethirajulu, 96 years (on the left) and Vummidi Sudhakar, 88 years are alive. They remember the making of the Sengol.
  • Three people were specially flown in from TN on Aug 14, 1947 – the Deputy high priest of the Adheenam, the Nadaswaram player Rajarathinam Pillai and the Oduvar (singer) – carrying the Sengol.
  • They conducted the proceedings.
  • The priest gave the Sengol to Lord Mountbatten, and took it back.
  • The Sengol was purified with holy water.
  • The Sengol was taken in procession to Pt Jawaharlal Nehru’s house, where it was handed over to him. A special song was rendered, as specified by the high priest.
  • This happened in the night of Aug 14, 1947.
  • The special song was composed by the 7th century Tamil saint
  • Tirugnana Sambandar, a child prodigy who lived only 16 years.
  • Called Kolaru Pathigam, this curbs the ill effects caused by planetary positions Pathigam means poem in praise of a deity.
  • The song concludes with the words “Adiyaarkal vaanil Arasaalvar aanai namadhe” meaning “The followers (referring to the King) will rule as in the heavens, as per our order”.
  • Thus was power transferred to Indian hands. Nehru accepted this in the presence of Dr Rajendra Prasad and many others.
  • The word Sengol is derived from the Tamil word “Semmai”, meaning “Righteousness”.
  • With the sacred Nandi, with its unyielding gaze.
  • It is our own Indic civilizational practice from the Chola kingdom, who were among the leading kingdoms in our sub-continent for centuries.
  • Most importantly, the recipient of the Sengol has the “order” (“aanai” in Tamil) to rule justly and fairly.
  • This is what is most appealing – for those elected to serve the people must never forget this.
  • The Sengol will be installed at the new Parliament building.

Story first published: Wednesday, May 24, 2023, 13:52 [IST]

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